CTE Task: CNA Skills​

Click here to download the teacher material for this task. 

COURSE:

Nursing Education

CLASS PERIOD LENTH:

30 minutes

 

CNA Skills

Task Description

Standards

The student will watch the CNA skills demonstration video (playlist hyperlinked here) as assigned and fill out the Step by Step Task Form then practice the steps using the D&S Tennessee Nursing Assistant Candidate Handbook. Once comfortable with the skill, the student will film him/herself performing the skill and submit the video to the teacher.

 

Note: students may need to improvise with household items to stand-in for patient care items such as a chair for a walker, dishwashing gloves, a pencil or marker for a thermometer, or a regular belt for a gait belt.

 All standards that include a skill from the CNA certification test skills list:

11) Review infection control guidelines, Standard Precaution guidelines, Transmission-Based precautions, Personal Protective Equipment use, and infection control. Practice skills related to hand washing, donning and doffing a gown, masks, gloves and goggles, handling and cleaning spills, cleaning equipment, and handling laundry.

15) Understand principles of and successfully perform skills related to personal care. Incorporate guidelines for LTC residents’ rights and utilize rubrics from textbooks, National HOSA guidelines, or other clinical standards of practice for the following: a. Principles of self-care versus full care b. Bathing/skin care/back rub c. Grooming/shaving/hair care/nail care d. Mouth care/denture care of conscious and comatose resident e. Dressing f. Transfers, positioning, turning in bed g. Bed making, occupied and unoccupied h. Care for resident/patient when death is imminent

16) Understand principles of and successfully perform skills related to toileting, intake and output, and bedpan or bedside commode use. Incorporate guidelines for LTC residents’ rights and utilize rubrics from textbooks, National HOSA guidelines, or other clinical standards of practice for the following: e. Catheter care/emptying urinary bag, h. Recording intake and output

17) Understand principles of and successfully perform skills related to basic restorative care. Incorporate guidelines of LTC residents’ rights and utilize rubrics from textbooks, National HOSA guidelines, or other clinical standards of practice for the following: a. Promoting self-care b. Range of Motion (ROM) exercises and maintenance c. Ambulation with and without assistive devices d. Use of assistive devices in transferring, eating, and dressing

18) Understand principles of and successfully perform skills related to proper feeding techniques to assist with eating and hydration. Incorporate guidelines of LTC residents’ rights and utilize rubrics from textbooks, National HOSA guidelines, or other clinical standards of practice

19) Assess vital signs to determine oral temperature, radial and apical pulse, respirations, blood pressure, height, and weight. Calculate body mass index (BMI). Identify acceptable ranges for adult and geriatric patients, as well as the measurements that must be reported to the nurse, including possible causes.

 

 Content Understandings

Extending Understandings

Upon successful completion of these tasks' students will demonstrate the ability to:

  • demonstrate proficiency in the performance of all CNA skills.

 

To move students towards deeper understanding, they should be given opportunities to:

  • explain the rationale behind each step of each skill
  • align patient needs to CNA skills

Support Strategies

If students are struggling to access this task, additional supports and strategies could be employed as students are engaging with the task.

Key Terms

Sentence Frames

Scaffolded Questions

450 key terms are on pp. 25-30 of the CNA handbook linked above

Sentence frames should be aligned to each specific skill. Here are some examples to get you started:

  1. __________ is important because___________.
  2. The differences between _____ and ___________ are _____________.
  3. The cause of ____________ is ___________.
  4. Based on_____________, the CNA can conclude that ______________.

Example:

  1. Why should you always wash your hands upon entering a patient’s room?
  2. What is the value of providing privacy for your patient?
  3. How do you think it makes a patient feel when you introduce yourself before touching them?
  4. If you don’t feel confident performing a skill, what should you do?

 

  • D&S Diversified. (2020). Tennessee Nursing Assistant Candidate Handbook. Retrieved from

https://www.hdmaster.com/testing/cnatesting/tennessee/tnformpages/tnforms/TNHandbookFinal.pdf

  • Tennessee Healthcare Institute. (2016). CNA Skill Videos. Retrieved from

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsgwu8B2yaZESc9YZKvYlDA/about

 

Student Resource

Click here to download the student resource for this task. 

Step by Step Task Form

Hand Washing

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

 

Ambulation with a Gait Belt

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

 

Ambulation with a Walker

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

 

Backrub

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

 

Bedpan and Output

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

20

 

 

 

Blood Pressure

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

 

Catheter Care

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

20

 

 

21

 

 

22

 

 

23

 

 

 

Denture Care

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

 

Dressing a Resident

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

 

Emptying a Urinary Drain Bag

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

 

Feeding a Dependent Resident

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

20

 

 

21

 

 

 

Hair Care

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

 

Isolation Gown and Gloves

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

 

Making an Occupied Bed

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

20

 

 

21

 

 

22

 

 

23

 

 

24

 

 

25

 

 

26

 

 

27

 

 

28

 

 

29

 

 

 

Making an Unoccupied Bed

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

 

Mouth Care-Brushing Teeth

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

 

Mouth Care of a Comatose Resident

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

 

Nail Care One Hand

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

 

Partial Bed Bath-Face, Arm, Hand, and Underarm

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

20

 

 

 

Perineal Care of a Female

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

20

 

 

21

 

 

22

 

 

23

 

 

24

 

 

25

 

 

26

 

 

 

Position Resident on Side

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

 

Range of Motion for Hip and Knee

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

 

Range of Motion for Shoulder

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

 

 

Vital Signs-Axillary Temperature, Pulse, and Respirations

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

 

18

 

 

 

Weighing an Ambulatory Patient

List video time stamp and steps

Describe what is happening during the step

Explain the rationale or the “why” for each step

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

11

 

 

12

 

 

13

 

 

14

 

 

15