Teaching Tennessee, CTE Task: Bread Baking

Click here to download the teacher resource for this lesson. 

COURSE:

Culinary Arts III

TASK LENGTH:

50 minutes

 

Bread Baking

Task Description

Standards

In this activity, students will

  1. complete the bread-baking terminology worksheet;
  2. complete the identify the bread type worksheet;
  3. create a bread baking infographic for one of the bread types from the identify activity.

Culinary Arts III, Standard 19: Compile a collection of recipes from multiple sources that illustrate the diversity of bread products in commercial kitchens. Demonstrate proper preparation methods to prepare one or more of the selected recipes.

 Content Understandings

Extending Understandings

Upon successful completion of these tasks, students will demonstrate the ability to:

  • define key terminology related to bread baking;
  • identify various types of bread from around the world (e.g., challah, baguette, puta, croissant, crumpet, etc.);
  • explain the step-by-step process involved in baking bread from beginning to end.

 

To move students towards deeper understanding, they should be given opportunities to:

  • develop their own unique bread recipes based on a traditional bread type.

 

Support Strategies

If students are struggling to access this task, additional supports and strategies could be employed as students are engaging with the task.

Key Terms

Sentence Frames

Scaffolded Questions

Yeast

 

 

Knead

 

 

Bread flour

 

 

 

Cake flour

 

 

All-purpose flour

 

 

 

 

Fermentation

 

 

 

 

Gluten

 

 

 

 

Starch 

You use ___________ as a leavening agent, which acts by causing the formation of carbon dioxide through the fermentation of sugars in the bread dough.

 

When you __________ yeast dough, you are folding and turning the dough to help develop gluten.

 

________ _________ is a high-protein flour (typically contain 12-14% protein), which makes the bread dough lighter and more elastic for chewy and airy baked bread.

 

If you want a low-protein, weak-gluten flour, then select ________ _________.

 

A medium-protein flour made from a blend of hard and soft wheats, ________ __________ is suitable for general use, except with delicate cakes.

 

____________ occurs when the microorganisms in yeast consume the simple sugars in flour turning the sugars into carbon dioxide and allowing the dough to leaven.

 

______________, which helps dough rise and gives shape and a chewy texture to bread, is typically found in wheat flour, as well as barley, rye, spelt, and triticale.

 

While protein is the first most important part wheat flour, ____________ comes in a close second because it sets the gluten and ensures bread loaves don’t collapse during the baking process.

How many different types of flour can you name?

Why is it important to select the appropriate type of flour when making bread?

 

Why do you use yeast in the bread-making process? What’s its role? What would happen if you forgot to include yeast?

 

Describe the proper technique when kneading bread dough. Why is it important to use the proper technique?

 

 

 

Additional Resources

Teacher Instructional Materials:

Do You Know Your Baking Terminology? Worksheet

Identify that Bread! Worksheet

Bread Baking Infographic Activity

 

Teacher and Student Instructional Videos:

Paul Hollywood’s What Went Wrong: Bread (UK Flour Millers. (2015 Apr. 28). Paul Hollywood’s What Went Wrong: Bread [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wnxn_7bjlNk)

 

Forming a Dough (Food – a fact of life. (2019, Feb. 6). Forming a dough [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLSXnX8lDffhSU7A6Bi3us7KxEcHQqL_f2&time_continue=1&v=eunfugXVeOc&feature=emb_title)

 

Kneading Bread (homebaking. (2007, Sept. 14). Kneading [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMK6mYhhtPI&feature=emb_title)

 

 

Teacher and Student Instructional Resources:

27 Useful Infographics that All Bakers Need to Know (Craig, A. (n.d.). 27 Useful Infographics that All Bakers Need to Know. Lifehack. https://www.lifehack.org/356834/27-infographics-that-all-bakers-need)

 

How to Create Infographics in Minutes (Canva) (Irby, L. (2015, Jan. 24). How to Create Infographics in Minutes (Canva) [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1v3ILOnfGs)

 

How to Create an Infographic with Adobe Spark (Zavala Jr., C. (2020, Feb. 25). How to Create an Infographic with Adobe Spark Post [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bp0xKJBQNPU)

 

How to Make Infographics | PowerPoint (Burn to Learn. (2018, Jul. 2). How to Make Infographics | PowerPoint [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ls3iA6LBTgM)

Bread Baking

Activity Steps:

  1. Students will first complete the “Do You Know Your Baking Terminology?” and “Identify that Bread!” worksheets to ensure they are familiar with and can recognize the various types of bread (e.g., sourdough, brioche, challah, etc.) they will likely encounter in a commercial kitchen.  
  2. For their main activity, students will select one of the 20 breads from the “Identify that Bread!” sheet and create an infographic that details the ingredients and steps involved in baking that particular bread. Students have the option of using Canva or Adobe Spark, as well as PowerPoint or Google Slides, if they’re more comfortable and familiar with the latter two. They’ll need to follow the planning guide when creating their infographic to ensure quality and consistency.
  3. Students will submit all work—“Do You Know Your Baking Terminology?” and “Identify that Bread!” worksheets, infographic, and infographic planning guide—to their instructor for feedback.

 

 

Bread Baking Infographic Teacher Rubric

Planning

10 possible points

0  1  2  3 

4  5  6  7

8  9  10

  • Student did not complete the planning guide;
  • And only provided about 30% of the information to help develop video content.
  • Student completed about 70% of the planning guide;
  • But failed to document important content to help develop video content.
  • Student completed the video planning guide;
  • Provide necessary information and details to help develop video content.

Infographic Content

25 possible points

0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9

10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17

17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25

  • Student did not include ingredients or measurements on infographic;
  • Student did not include all necessary instructions (e.g., only provided an overview and not step-by-step;
  • Student did not include other important information (i.e. prep time, cook time, yield).  
  • Student included ingredients but failed to include measurements;
  • Student included most of the necessary instructions, but they were difficult to follow at times and appeared to skip important steps;
  • Student included most of the important information, but left off at least one item (e.g., yield).   
  • Student included both ingredients and appropriate measurements;
  • Student included all of the instructions and ensured they were clear and easy to follow;
  • Student included all of the important information (e.g., prep time, cook time, and yield).

Infographic Design

15 possible points

0  1  2  3  4  5

6  7  8  9  10

11  12  13  14  15

  • Student included only 1-2 images/clip art/graphics;
  • Student’s font choice(s) was inappropriate (e.g., too small, difficult to read, etc.);
  • Student’s color choices made it difficult to read the infographic (e.g., background and font colors weren’t contrasted);
  • Student didn’t clearly number the steps.  
  • Student included 3-4 images/clip art/graphics;
  • Student’s font choice(s) was relatively easy to read, but at times may be too small or the wrong choice/color;
  • Student’s color choices overall provided a nice contrast, but there may have been too many colors on the infographic or some contrast wasn’t strong enough;
  • Student clearly numbered the steps.  
  • Student included all 6 images/clip art/graphics;
  • Student’s font choice(s) were easy to read and appropriate for the infographic;
  • Student’s color choices provided a nice contrast and were balanced throughout the infographic;
  • Student clearly numbered all steps.

Total: ________/50

 

Student Resources

Click here to download the student resource for this task. 

Do You Know Your Bread Baking Terminology?

Instructions: Unscramble the words below. Use the clues to help you determine the word.

 

  1. SATEY: _______________________

Clue: Used as a leavening agent, causes the formation of carbon dioxide through fermentation

 

  1. EANDK: _______________________

Clue: The act of folding and turning yeast dough to help develop gluten

 

  1. DRBEA LFUOR: _______________________

Clue: A high-protein flour (12-14%), makes bread dough lighter and more elastic

 

  1. KECA RFOLU: _______________________

Clue: A low-protein, weak-gluten flour

 

  1. LALRPUSPOE URFLO: _______________________

Clue: A medium-protein flour made from a blend of hard and soft wheats, suitable for general uses

 

  1. ENTUGL: _______________________

Clue: Helps dough rise and gives shape and a chewy texture to bread

 

  1. CSRTHA: _______________________

Clue: Sets the gluten and ensures bread loaves don't collapse during the baking process

 

  1. IRNATOENEMTF: _______________________

Clue: Microorganisms in yeast consume the simple sugars in flour turning the sugars into carbon dioxide

 

  1. NRBA: _______________________

Clue: Found under the husk, outer coat of each kernel of grain

 

  1. LMAE: _______________________

Clue: Grains or seeds, coarsely or finely ground

 

Identify that Bread!

Instructions: Match the type of bread with its picture.

Breads:

Baguette     Bagel     Brioche     Ciabatta     Focaccia     Naan     Challah     Pretzel    Biscuit    Rye Bread     Sourdough

 

Brown bread     Multigrain     Corn Bread   Croissant    Crispbread    English Muffin     Crumpet     Soda Bread     Pita

Download the Word document, linked at the top of this section, to complete the bread-matching activity. 

Bread Baking Infographic Activity

Instructions: Recently, baking infographics have become quite popular—from how to bake the perfect chocolate chip cookies to tips for gluten-free baking, there seems to be an infographic for almost every baking need. For this activity, you will create your own bread-baking infographic using one of the bread types from the “Identify that Bread!” worksheet. You’ll want to use either Canva or Adobe Spark to create your infographic, but if you’re more comfortable working with PowerPoint or Google Slides, you may use either one. Once you decide which bread you want to use, take a look at a few of these example baking infographics: 27 Useful Infographics that All Bakers Need. After you’ve taken a look at these infographics, get to work on your bread infographic by following the below guidelines and planning chart. 

 

Bread Infographic Planning Guide

Student Name:

Date:

Bread:

Ingredients

List all ingredients below

Measurements

List all measurements for ingredients below 

Instructions

When writing your bread baking instructions, make sure to include the following:

 

 

  1. Preheat oven to _________________

 

  1. Type/size of loaf pan? Greased or ungreased?

__________________________________

 

  1. Proofing time (if needed)? _______________

 

  1. Other hand tools and smallwares needed (e.g., mixing bowls, measuring spoons, etc.)?

_____________________            _________________       _____________________            _________________

_____________________            _________________     

 

  1. Outline each step in the process—don’t take shortcuts or gloss over anything. Take it slow and provide each step along the way. And remember to include the times (e.g., “Knead dough for 7 minutes).
  1. ___________________________________
  2. ___________________________________
  3. ___________________________________
  4. ___________________________________
  5. ___________________________________
  6. ___________________________________
  7. ___________________________________
  8. ___________________________________
  9. ___________________________________
  10. ___________________________________
  11. ___________________________________
  12. ___________________________________
  13. ___________________________________
  14. ___________________________________
  15. ___________________________________
  16. ___________________________________

 

Other important information to include in your infographic:

Prep time:

Cook time:

Yield:

Finally, did you ensure that you…

Y/N

Thoughts/Notes

  1. Clearly numbered the steps?
  2. Included at least 6 relevant images/clip art/graphics?
  3. Selected readable, clear fonts?
  4. Made appropriate color choices?
  5. Ensured font colors and background colors are appropriately contrasted?
  6. Balanced text and image (i.e. not too text heavy or not too image heavy)? 
  1. _______
  2. _______

 

  1. _______
  2. _______

 

  1. _______

 

  1. _______