Video: Introduction to Trauma

Resource 1: Introduction to Trauma Handout

Click here to download this Introduction to Trauma Handout resource in Word.

Resource 1: Introduction to Trauma Handout

After watching the video and reading “The Truth about ACEs” reflect on the following questions:

  1. What are examples of ACEs?






  1. What conclusions were found around the impact of ACEs on health in adulthood?






  1. What surprised you about ACEs?






After watching “Toxic Stress Derails Healthy Development” reflect on the following questions:

  1. What is toxic stress?






  1. What role does a caring adult play in buffering stress for children?






  1. What is the impact of toxic stress on the brain?






Resource 3: Key Ideas and Definitions Related to Trauma

Click this link to download this Word resource, which provides key ideas and definitions related to trauma.

Key Ideas and Definitions Related to Trauma

Trauma: A response to a negative external event or series of events which render a child “temporarily helpless” and surpass the child’s “ordinary coping and defensive operations.” A wide range of experiences can result in childhood trauma, and a child’s response to these potentially traumatizing events will vary depending on the characteristics of the child, (age, stage of development, personality, intelligence, and prior history with trauma) environment, (school and family supports), and experience (relationship to perpetrator)

Adverse Childhood Experiences: Single or multiple traumatic exposures and/or events experienced in childhood

Acute Trauma: A single, time-limited traumatic event

Chronic Trauma: Multiple traumatic exposures and/or events over extended periods of time

Complex Trauma: Children’s/adolescents’ experiences of multiple traumatic events and the impact of exposure to these events, often occurring within the caregiving system

Toxic Stress: Adverse experiences that lead to strong, frequent, or prolonged activation of the body’s stress response system

Insidious Trauma & Historical Trauma: Collective, massive group trauma and compounding forms of multiple oppressions including discrimination based on race, economic status, gender, sexuality, and immigration status, as experienced over periods of time, within societies and institutions.

Secondary Trauma & Vicarious Trauma: Exposure to the trauma of others as experienced, realized, or imagined by providers, family members, partners, or friends in close contact with the individual

Compassion Fatigue: Cumulative physical, emotional, spiritual, and psychological effects of exposure to traumatic stories or events when working in a helping capacity